Individuals & Societies
Studying courses offered in group 3 provides for the development of a critical appreciation of human experience and behaviour; the varieties of physical, economic and social environments that people inhabit; the history of social and cultural institutions.
In addition, each subject is designed to foster in students the capacity to identify, to analyse critically and to evaluate theories, concepts and arguments relating to the nature and activities of individuals and societies.
At ISU, we currently offer the following group 3 courses:
History is more than the study of the past. It is the process of recording, reconstructing and interpreting the
past through the investigation of a variety of sources. It is a discipline that gives people an understanding of
themselves and others in relation to the world, both past and present.
Students of history should learn how the discipline works. It is an exploratory subject that poses questions
without providing definitive answers. In order to understand the past, students must engage with it both
through exposure to primary historical sources and through the work of historians. Historical study involves
both selection and interpretation of data and critical evaluation of it.
Students of history should appreciate
the relative nature of historical knowledge and understanding, as each generation reflects its own world
and preoccupations and as more evidence emerges. A study of history both requires and develops an
individual’s understanding of, and empathy for, people living in other periods and contexts.
Grade 11 History covers the mid-nineteenth century up through World War II. The historical topics covered include:
- the causes, practices, and effects of war
- the rise and rule of single-party states
- international organizations
Grade 12 History covers the second half of the 20th Century. The historical topics covered include:
- the Cold War
- the USSR under Stalin
- the establishment and rise of communism in China.
Business and Management is the rigorous and critical study of the ways in which individuals and groups interact in a dynamic business environment. It is an academic discipline that examines how business decisions are made and how these decisions make an impact on internal and external environments. The ideals of international cooperation and responsible citizenship are at the heart of business and management. Students will become familiar with the tools used to discuss, analyze and evaluate information throughout the range of business activities.
During Grade 11 the students become familiar with the following areas:
- Organizations and their structure
- External forces which impact business decisions
- Marketing and consumers
- Human Resources Management
In Grade 12, the students study:
- Operations Management and Production
- Accounting and Finance for different business types
Economics is a dynamic social science, forming part of the study of individuals and societies. The study of economics is essentially about the concept of scarcity and the problem of resource allocation. Although economics involves the formulation of theory, it is not a purely theoretical subject: economic theories can be applied to real-world examples. Neither is economics a discrete subject, since economics incorporates elements of history, geography, psychology, sociology, political studies and many other related fields of study. Economics does not exist in a vacuum, because it naturally must consider how economic theory is to be applied in an international context. The scientific approach characterizes the standard methodology of economics. This methodology can be summarized as a progression from problem identification, through hypothesis formulation and testing, arriving finally at a conclusion. Alongside the empirical observations of positive economics, students of the subject are asked to formulate normative questions. Encouraging students to explore such questions forms the central focus of the economics course.
Grade 11 Economics covers the first three sections of the syllabus:
- Economic Introduction
Grade 12 Economics covers the final sections of the syllabus:
- International Economics
- Development Economics