Central to the philosophy of the PYP is the principle that purposeful, structured inquiry is a powerful vehicle for learning that promotes meaning and understanding, and challenges students to engage with significant ideas. Hence in the PYP there is also a commitment to a concept-driven curriculum as a means of supporting that inquiry.
What are concepts?
These are powerful ideas that have relevance within the subject areas but also transcend them and that students must explore and re-explore in order to develop a coherent, in-depth understanding. These concepts provide a structure for the exploration of significant and authentic content. In the course of this exploration, students deepen their understanding of the concepts.
The eight PYP concepts
A set of eight concepts central to the design of the transdisciplinary curriculum. The concepts are presented in the form of key questions. It is these questions, used flexibly by teachers and students when planning an inquiry-based unit, that shape that unit, giving it direction and purpose. It is in this sense that the key questions, and the concepts to which they relate, are said to drive the PYP curriculum.
The eight concepts are:
The PYP concepts underpin student inquiries throughout the planned and unplanned curriculum. It is recognized that these concepts have different interpretations and applications as students develop and deepen their understanding, in the context of transdisciplinary units, and across each subject area.